Obesity vs overweight: What’s the difference? (how to help, 3 ways)

obesity vs overweight

Transcripts

0:00
Welcome to the rooks health podcast. In this episode, I’m going to be giving you the objective views on what is the difference between overweight and obesity and also some subjective views on how much of a problem and how can we solve this problem, which is obesity and overweight towards the end of this podcast episode, so I do hope you enjoy the episode. If you’re new to the podcast, my name is Farouk. I’m the host of the podcast and also the host of well, Rooks Health in general, which you can find us on YouTube, Spotify, everywhere pretty much on social media at Rooks Health. So I do encourage you before we get into this episode, to go and subscribe to the YouTube channel. And also check out our social media and give us a follow at Rooks Health. But now let’s get to the episode of the day, which is the topic of the day, which is what’s the actual difference between obesity and overweight? And why are these terms often used interchangeably? A lot of the time you hear overweight or obesity. People say them and they’re not actually sure. And what actually classify someone as overweight will classify someone as obese and will classify someone as morbidly obese. Those are the topics for the day. So I hope you enjoy this episode again. Now let’s get into this podcast.

1:25
So

1:26
let’s go straight into it. Now, obesity vs overweight have kind of become a sort of controversial topic to talk about in social media or anywhere now. So I’m just going to be giving you some cold, hard facts and stats for the first part of this podcast. So you can actually understand what’s up with obesity and overweight. Let’s start with the definition of overweight and obesity. These are defined by according to w h o, which is the World Health Organisation as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. So now we have the definition of both of these terms. Now how is it actually measured, because that doesn’t really tell us the difference between these two things. They’re actually measured by a system called BMI system or to whichever one you call it. BMI, which stands for body mass index, a lot of people probably have heard of BMI a lot does get thrown around very simply. And it’s a simple formula, which is weight in kilogrammes divided by height in metres. Now, it’s important to know that BMI is not the most hundred percent accurate way of measuring just for one primary reason, which is it doesn’t account for significant muscle mass. So someone who is muscular would actually be probably scoring overweight or obese. And we know that’s not the case. It’s just muscle. So there’s actually a accompanying method, which is endorsed by the NHS, which is actually in the guidelines also leave that in the link below, which is to use waist circumference alongside BMI, but I won’t get into that because that’s like a whole topic for BMI separately. Now, we’ve acknowledged that as well. So BMI is the easiest way to determine if you are overweight or underweight, ideal weight or obese or morbidly obese. Now that’s fine. Now let’s get into the actual ranges. That actually tell us the difference between these three. So a BMI of 25 to 29.9, if we’re being very precise, is classified as overweight. a BMI of 30 to 40 is classified as obese, and 40. And above is generally classified as morbidly obese. And just for the sake of since we’re audience on the topic of BMI, BMI of under 18.5 is classified as underweight. If you are between 18.5 and 20, that’s a bit underweight. And you know, you really shouldn’t lose more weight if you’re between 18 to 18, point 18.5 to 20. So aiming for 20 to 25 is the ideal, what you want to be aiming for. Now let’s ask the question, how much of an issue is it actually how much of an issue is obesity overweight, morbidly obese? I’m going to give you some statistics now. So you can put it into context because context and background are always very important in health as well as the objective side of it. So in the UK, about 63% of the population is overweight or obese, by 67% of men are and about 60% of women are and in the US, I’m not going to use us that’s because the numbers are very much higher, but 40% of population to us is obese. So you already know that overweight is going to be a lot higher. So just as a comparison factor. Now, there are multiple factors that could cause The difference between men and women, but we won’t get to that just so you have an idea. It can be attributed to things like lifestyle choices, as I’m always saying, biology and just general statistics, I won’t get into that too much for this episode. Now, let’s put that into numbers again. So the ages 55 to 64 in men are actually the highest population of men that are actually obese, which is about 82% of men in this age group are obese or overweight. For women, it’s ages 64, or 65, to 74. And that’s about 70% of women. So you see that difference? Again, it’s not actually exactly the same between the men and women. Now, this is very interesting, because it tends to be the older population. And the reason for that is it’s quite, it’s almost, it’s a bit complex, but it’s also simple at the same time, which is the older you get, lifestyle changes happen, you know, you’re not as active just because of natural, old age and variety, varying factors, you get a bit older, to get a bit less active, etc, etc. These are natural things that happen, can be prevented. But these are things that we see. Now, I know I’ve shot some stats into your face. But how does this actually relate to you?

6:22
Here’s one more stat just before we get to the chunk of the video, in the UK, there’s a general trend that obesity has actually been increasing, and to an excellent plateauing in the recent years. Because it’s plateauing doesn’t mean it’s, it’s necessarily great, it’s kind of still going up at a high number. And over the last few years, it’s still been kind of on the rise, both of these categories, which is unfortunate, because of just the health risks, these two categories pose. And if you want to just compare the UK to other countries, you know, it ranks have met, it’s not really great, it’s kind of in the middle of the actor is in the middle of the top of the countries which are hit by obesity and overweight, the most. Do you know America is probably in is always number one. Land is number one in that category, unfortunately. But that’s a whole other video I can get into as to why the numbers between America and everywhere else are so tight. Now, let’s get to the second part of this video, which is why should you even care? Why does this matter to you who’s listening to this podcast? If you aren’t overweight or obese? Or even if you are, why should you even care? It’s your choice. It’s your lifestyle, it’s you. Let’s get to that. Now, over 700,000 people are admitted into hospitals due to obesity either being the primary or secondary cause of them being admitted into the hospital, which just means that if someone comes into the hospital, and they find that it’s directly because of their obese to their weight, that is giving them the health issue or it’s a secondary thing. For example, you come in with knee pain, or a significant amount of arthritis in your knee and you find the doctors or whoever’s assessing you, the clinician is finds that, you know, obesity is also playing a secondary factor in this. Now, this would come to no surprise that the most common diagnosis are knee joints, pains and knee joint problems, heart issues, hip issues. And actually one that actually I think surprised me a bit was maternal issues. Those are the primary causes that people come in, and then they find that obesity is also problem. Now, this next bar will actually come to a bit of a surprise and no surprise to depending on who is actually listening to this podcast. But on the most few of the most common risks associated with being overweight and obese is diabetes, type two diabetes to be specific joint issues, you see a lot of knee problems and other joints, primarily, knee hips. Those are primarily load bearing joints, that I see a lot of the issues, also ankles as well. Now there’s heart issues that are associated as one of the more common risk. Some certain types of cancers are actually associated with this. And one that is often overlooked. This one is actually a very interesting one, which is the psychological risk. Or you might be wondering, you might be wondering, what are these psychological risks that I’m talking about, which is things like depression, and other associated issues because they are definitely a risk and we often overlook these because we don’t think we always think of you know, overweight and obesity are physical problems solely. But we know that if we’re looking at it from a holistic aspect, which just means looking at everything around an individual, so You listening to this in might be looking at the mental aspects, the social aspects, the emotional aspects, the whole five pillars and how this actually affects people. Now, what are the causes of obesity?

10:15
It’s kind of straightforward. And it’s also not straightforward, straightforward, because we know that things like lack of physical activity, lack of exercise, dieting choices, lifestyle choices, but they’re also things like genetics. But it’s also important to know that just because you’ve been dealt with a certain deck of cards should get this from somewhere else, I can’t remember, where’s something I watch, just because you’ve been dealt a deck of cards doesn’t mean you cannot reshuffle them. Now, often we fall into this category that because my parents were overweight, because my grandparents were overweight. That means I’m destined to be overweight as well. Now, we know this is not the case. Yes, everyone is a bit different. And everyone has to maybe the work harder, work less, but it is possible. So I don’t want people to get that idea that, you know, it’s not your fault. And there’s nothing you can do about it. Because there is no let’s get into treating obesity. And if you look at the NHS website, it tells you straight up that it’s not an easy journey. And isn’t there no shortcuts to it. Now, if you see an ad, or someone telling you, you can lose a lot of weight with no exercise, and no dieting, and no nothing, it’s probably not very real. Because there is no way unless there is no healthy way, I should say that you can lose a lot of weight and all this type of things with no diet, no exercise, and no changes of any lifestyle. It’s just not real, or it’s not healthy to say in the long term, and possibly in the short term as well. Now, obviously, this journey is very difficult when you’re talking about weight, and obesity. So I’m going to give three recommendations and three step plan in a sense about how you can actually do it. The first step is for you, if you are struggling with weight, and you know it’s a problem or you are at risks of struggling with weight, or you know, you have a feeling I’m going to put in the description, some beautiful articles and some beautiful plans provided by the NHS and other organisations that can actually help that I strongly believe can actually be helpful in a very supportive. So this movement in the UK, primarily, there’s a whole push to a better health culture, which I kind of like as well, because I think sometimes we forget that, you know, some of the choices we make now as we’re young, or a certain age will pay off in the future. Now, again, it’s not an easy journey. And it’s going to be difficult, and there’s no shortcuts, but I promise you that the end goal is definitely worth it. Does that better health, it’s definitely worth it, I do a whole podcast another episode of How to exercise for beginners, I strongly recommend you have a look at that. If you are

13:11
thinking about going into exercise, it’s very, very clear. And it’s short as well short and sweet. Now the second aspect is for others if you know someone who is struggling with weight, or you know someone who is at risk, or struggling with weight, things like this, it’s very imperative that should be supportive. Now, having a supportive system is one of the most important things on any journey on any form of better health journey, because we know that social aspects play a significant role in health. Now imagine if you had someone who was non supportive and didn’t really care and you would you said something like, could you help me lose weight and they said, No more rights. Thank you very much. I’m busy, too busy, I can’t help you that we know that that’s not very helpful. Now, if you know someone and they ask you, Hey, man, what are you doing? How can I get to where I want to go? And if you know this, sometimes you may not. So you may have to refer to someone who knows better. But at least showing that support that you are you understand and you’re really to help them is very, very important. And it can go a very long way. So being as supportive as possible, is a very good effort. Good effort. I want to do a whole YouTube and Instagram on 40 positivity and body shaming later, so stay tuned for that as well. And the last part, this podcast is getting a bit longer already is the fact that little steps help and they go a long way. What do I mean by little steps is things now trying to get from point A to point B in one single goal can be very difficult. Trying to lose 10 kg in one week can be very difficult. And so it’s putting it into perspective and saying things like you want to go step by step. You know, setting realistic goals, so you can achieve the little things first. And these little things start to build up into bigger things. What I mean by this is simply that, you know, those little lifestyle changes can make a big difference down the pipeline, things like taking the stairs whenever you can, or just walking a bit more or little, little things. And one thing I found out was the brisk walking is actually a very, very good way to actually reduce your risks of a lot of these things. Walking, you know, it’s something that we often overlook, as you know, it’s a pedantic task, you know, why not? Why walk when you can take an Uber or because everything is so convenient, but you know, those little little things. And literally two things like maybe just reducing your snacking a bit more, I do a whole episode about snacking and building a relationship with food. with Justin Sims, who is a performance nutritionists are really smart guys, I strongly recommend you check out that episode. Now I know this episode is not as in depth as previous episodes is because this is kind of a pointer Episode 2.2, the previous episodes I’ve done which are very, very enlightening, and very, very useful in both talking about food, nutrition, and also just exercise. So I strongly recommend you have a look at those other ones. And in the next few weeks, I will be doing more episodes, I’ve actually already done episodes about nutrition psychology, and there’ll be coming out as well. So I strongly recommend you stay tuned, so you can check out those episodes. Another main aim of this episode was primarily just to raise the awareness, because I will be talking about things like this in the coming episodes. So I just wanted to bring this to the forefront of the conversation for now. But I think enough of the time has been taken already. So thank you again for listening to the podcast. And thank you for supporting the podcast again. And till next week. Before we go. Don’t forget to check out the YouTube channel because I will also do a video of this in with a bit more info, graphics and visuals. And, again, follow the Rooks Health, Instagram and Twitter. Thank you very much. And see you next week on the Rooks Health podcast.

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